For example, "him" goes back to the Old English dative him (accusative was hine), and "her" goes back to the dative hire (accusative was hīe).
These pronouns are not datives in modern English; they are also used for functions previously indicated by the accusative.
(Is it just me or do they have a crazy-similar voice, too?
In these examples, the dative marks what would be considered the indirect object of a verb in English.
The Old English language, which continued in use until after the Norman Conquest of 1066, had a dative case; however, the English case system gradually fell into disuse during the Middle English period, when the accusative and dative of pronouns merged into a single oblique case that was also used with all prepositions.
This conflation of case in Middle and Modern English has led most modern grammarians to discard the "accusative" and "dative" labels as obsolete in reference to English, often using the term "objective" for oblique.
The normal word order in German is to put the dative in front of the accusative (as in the example above).In some languages, the dative case has assimilated the functions of other, now extinct cases.In Ancient Greek, the dative has the functions of the Proto-Indo-European locative and instrumental as well as those of the original dative.Many also, whether or not they fall into the former category, refer to people, animals, professions, or titles; exceptions to this include the aforementioned Herz and Name, as well as Buchstabe (letter), Friede (peace), Obelisk (obelisk), Planet (planet), and others.Certain German prepositions require the dative: aus (from), außer (out of), bei (at, near), entgegen (against), gegenüber (opposite), mit (with), nach (after, to), seit (since), von (from), and zu (at, in, to).