Its very high evaporation does produce a haze yet its atmospheric humidity is low.Adjacent areas to it are very arid and favorable for the preservation of materials like the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Its surface is the thickest of any of the scrolls--it may be of calfskin rather than sheepskin, which was the more common writing material at Qumran. The scroll contains twenty-eight incomplete columns of text, six of which are displayed here (cols. Each of the preserved columns contains fourteen to seventeen lines; it is clear that six to seven lines are lacking at the bottom of each column. Lid: Height 5 cm (2 in.), diameter 17.8 cm (7 in.) Jar: Height 49.8 cm (19 1/2 in.), diameter 24 cm (9 3/8 in.) Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority (57, 58) The textiles shown here are two out of scores of pieces collected together with scrolls and other objects from the floor of the Qumran Cave 1 in the spring of 1949. A total of seventy-seven pieces, plain and decorated, were cataloged and described by the renowned textile expert Grace M. It is possible that all of the cloths found at Qumran are linked with the scrolls. During those same years, archaeologists searching for a habitation close to the caves that might help identify the people who deposited the scrolls, excavated the Qumran ruin, a complex of structures located on a barren terrace between the cliffs where the caves are found and the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea is located in Israel and Jordan, about 15 miles east of Jerusalem.Within a fairly short time after their discovery, historical, paleographic, and linguistic evidence, as well as carbon-14 dating, established that the scrolls and the Qumran ruin dated from the third century B. It is extremely deep (averaging about 1,000 feet), salty (some parts containing the highest amount of salts possible), and the lowest body of water in the world.Archaeological sites near the Dead Sea include Masada, Ein Gedi, and Qumran (where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found).This scroll fragment was displayed in the exhibit at the Library of Congress, May-August 1993.